Follow this step by step skincare routine guide for all skin types and skin conditions. Read more for tips and tricks on how to get flawless, glowing skin from a trusted Licensed Esthetician!
Healthy skin is the ultimate goal for many women.
We all want to have that flawless, pore-free, baby soft skin. However, there is a lot of work that goes into taking care of our skin. Each and everyday there are steps you should be taking to achieve a radiant complexion.
It does not happen overnight.
It takes work and consistency. Before we get into the dirty details, it is important to be aware of which skin type you are and what skin conditions you may have. Knowing what type of skin you have will ultimately help you pick out good products that are best for your skin.
So what are the types of skincare you ask? There’s a few. Some you may relate to more than others while some you may not be able to decide between.
That is okay! I am here to help you find the perfect skincare routine to suit your skin needs and concerns!
Listed below are all the different skin types and a few characteristics of each type.
- tight feeling in the morning or after wash
- flaking skin
- slight itchiness
- dull complexion
- small to almost invisible pores
- prone to fine lines and wrinkles
- shiny appearance
- makeup doesn’t hold all day
- increased oil production around T-Zone
- enlarged pores
- prone to blackheads, whiteheads and acne.
- oily T-Zone but dry in the cheeks or perimeter of your face
- enlarged pores around nose or chin mainly
- occasional breakouts
- experience dryness and oiliness at the same time
- reacts poorly to many products
- burning or stinging sensations
- slight itchiness
- prone to redness and blotchiness
- no major skin issues
- rarely experience breakouts
- healthy, dewy complexion
So now that you have determined your skin type you might also be experiencing a few skin conditions or concerns that are not listed above. Keep on reading to learn more about common skin conditions or concerns many people face.
Acne Prone Skin
- several blackheads, whiteheads and blemishes
- increased oil production
- cystic or hormonal acne flare ups
- new products can cause blemishes
- uneven texture
Aging Mature Skin
- fine lines and wrinkles around eyes and mouth
- poor elasticity
- loss of collagen
- drooping of the neck and jowls
- dull skin
- increased sun spots
- uneven skin tone
- marbled complexion
Congratulations! You are now an expert on skin types and conditions!
But what does it actually take to have a healthy, glowing complexion? Like I have said before, it takes time and consistency. It may take up to 8 weeks before you start seeing a change in your skin.
I know. That sucks.
This is a problem many people face. They are hoping and praying that after 1 week of using a new Vitamin C serum they will start to see their age spots lighten.
It doesn’t work that way people!
Give it some more time. Be consistent. Use the product as directed, morning and night. Do not, and I repeat do not, give up after a few days and start using a new product because this one isn’t working. It takes time for your skin to turnover.
What this means is our cells have a turnover rate. As we age they begin to slow down. They take more naps, meaning they take longer to turn over. This is why we start to see fine lines, wrinkles, uneven skin tone, unbalanced skin, dehydration, etc…
That being said, give your products a little bit more time before you call it quits.
Okay, okay I know I am rambling. Continue reading to find out what types of products you should be using for your skin type and the suggested skincare routine you should be following.
Related: Best Drugstore Skincare Dupes
If you have dry skin…
Increase the hydration in your skin! When you are experiencing flaking and a tight feeling, this means your are not producing enough sebum. Try adding a Hyaluronic Acid serum to your routine and be sure to use a milky based cleanser when washing your face. Toner is especially important for dry skin too. Avoid alcohol based toners or astringents. These will only strip your skin and dehydrate you even more. Look for products that are hydrating, soothing and moisturizing.
if you have oily skin…
Let’s try to work on finding a good water to oil balance. This is ultimately the main problem when it comes to having oily skin. When our skin assess its own hydration and sees that it might be slightly dehydrated, our sebum glands kick in. This is normal. However, with oily skin types, our sebum glands go into over drive and produce way too much oil. This leaves us with clogged, enlarged pores, blemishes and that dreadful shiny appearance.
What you need to do is also increase the hydration in your skin but with water. Hyaluronic Acid holds 1000x its weight in water. Try applying this 2x a day to help balance your water to oil ratio. Be sure to cleanse morning and night with a gel based or foaming cleanser. These do best with breaking down the oil and giving your skin a deep cleaning. Don’t forget to exfoliate and use an oil-free moisturizer.
If you have combo skin…
This is the most common skin type but the most tricky. I have combo skin and it is so hard sometimes to tackle two issues at one time! Often you experience an oily T-Zone but dryness everywhere else. This causes some confusion on what types of products and ingredients you should be looking for in skincare products.
Start with using a gentle, foaming cleanser. Again, this will break down excess oil and give your skin a nice deep cleanse. Use a lightweight, oil free moisturizer in the day time and a nourishing night cream at bedtime. Using a thicker moisturizer at night will replenish your skin as you sleep. Our skin does all of its repairing overnight, so it is very important to follow and use all the best products at night.
Give your skin the attention it needs!
if you have sensitive skin…
Unfortunately when it comes to sensitive skin, it is hard to recommend products because of the unknown. Sensitive skin types often have negative reactions to products applied to the skin.
Sometimes, in severe cases, water is the only thing your skin can tolerate.
But even sensitive skin needs to be well taken care of and properly nourished. Avoid products that contain fragrances, artificial colors, alcohols and preservatives. Also, avoid using aggressive ingredients such as Salicylic Acid.
So what can you use…
If you can, go for milky conditioning cleansers. Soothing toners will help relieve redness and balance your pH. Incorporate antioxidants into your skincare routine such as Vitamin C, Vitamin E and Vitamin A. Another suggestion would be to use all natural ingredients. Lavender, chamomile and green tea are all very soothing and nourishing to sensitive skin types!
if you have normal skin…
Well lucky you. You won the jackpot. Since there are not major issues to tackle, your job is to maintain your well-balanced hydrated skin.
Cleanse morning and night with any cleanser you prefer to strip away any excess oil, makeup and dead skin cells. Use all the serums, antioxidants, eye creams and moisturizers you want!
Your skin can tolerate it all!
If you are a skincare product junkie like me, then feel free to test out new products and see what works best for you! Consider the smell, the texture, the way it looks under makeup, etc… If you’re not loving it, move on to the next product. That is the beauty of having normal skin – you can try any product your little heart desires!
Just don’t forget to use the product completely before switching!
If you have acne prone skin…
I’d like to first start off and say I am sorry and I feel for you.
Having acne prone skin is such a struggle. It can really affect your confidence and self-esteem. Acne is tough to crack. There are many components that can be the cause of acne. It can be hormones, genetics, diet or simply your hygiene .
Whatever the cause may be, follow these simple tips on how to treat and soothe painful acne blemishes.
I recommend using an exfoliating cleanser morning and night. It is crucial to cleanse your skin 2x a day to eliminate dirt and oil that is feeding into the acne blemishes. Look for products that contain ingredients such as Salicylic Acid, Glycolic Acid and enzymes. These are exfoliating ingredients that will break down the dead skin build up and dry up excess oil and impurities. Please be sure not to over exfoliate your skin. This will only irritate blemishes more.
If you have cystic acne that is painful, do not touch. Picking can cause scarring and that is a whole other issue we can get into another time. Instead, use spot treatments, tea tree oil, lavender and clay masks. Vitamin C is important as well as it will heal and prevent post inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Use an oil-free moisturizer to top off.
if you have aging, mature skin…
Your main focus is to stop the clock. Turn back time and try to regain that youthful complexion you once had. Be aware of what products that are making your skin look dull and sallow. Increase the hydration in your skin with a Hyaluronic Acid serum and an overnight nourishing night cream. Increased water will fill in fine lines and plump your skin. Use products that contain growth factors and peptides. These are essentially food for your skin cells.
Remember when I mentioned our skin cells decide to take more naps as we age? Well by waving some food in their face, will get them up, move and do their job! Growth factors and peptides will soften fine lines and wrinkles. Using a Retinol at night is crucial. I recommend anyone in their twenties to start using a Retinol cream once a week at night.
Because of the loss of collagen and elasticity, I do recommend taking a collagen supplement to maintain what is left. This is not only good for your skin but also the overall health of your body and connective tissue.
if you have hyperpigmented skin…
Hyperpigmentation is very hard to deal with and takes a long time to reverse. You didn’t get sun spots overnight. It took years! This means it will take years to repair! Keep that in mind…
First off. If you have hyperpigmented skin or are concerned about getting sun spots, you should be using suncreen. Daily. Everyone should be using suncreen.
Sun exposure is the number one cause of aging.
On top of following a consistent skincare routine, you should also be receiving in office facial treatments monthly. Some of my favorites to reverse hyperpigmentation would be chemical peels and IPL.
What products should you look for? Well simply put, anything that says brightening, lightening or exfoliating! Vitamin C is fantastic to brighten and heal your skin! Retinol is not only good for fine lines and wrinkles but also works so well for drawing out damaged pigment in the skin. Some estheticians would recommend you get on a system such as Obagi Skincare. This line contains ingredients designed specifically to reverse hyperpigmentation which includes hydroquinone and Retin-A.
Before you decide that this is the answer to your problems, please speak with a trusted esthetician or skin care expert.
Last Few Tips…
- Always cleanse your skin morning and night! Think about the all the hair oils, dog hair or even drool ( yes, I said it) on your pillowcase. You sleep on that every night. So please, wash your face in the morning.
- To follow the above tip, wash your bed sheets at least once a week.
- Clean your cell phone screen as oil, makeup and dust can sit on the screen collecting bacteria. Dirty cell phones are a major cause of cheek congestion.
- Don’t over wash or over exfoliate your skin. Too much cleaning and exfoliating can cause more damage than good. You can create tiny little micro tears in your skin and strip away the natural healthy oils of your skin causing dehydrated dull skin.
- Use a mask 1-2x a week. Because why not? They are fun and a special little treatment for your skin.
- Never pick your acne! An overly repeated rule but a good one at the least. Picking at blemishes can irritate them more leaving you with more redness and probably an even bigger pimple. When you pick, you will be left with scars which like I mentioned, is a whole other topic to discuss.
- Always wear sunscreen. Sun exposure is the number one cause of aging. Avoid tanning booths as well as they are also quite damaging to your skin.
- Lastly, be consistent and patient. It takes time. Your skin did not end up the way it did overnight. It can take up to several weeks to several years to start to see a change in your skin. The main goal is to achieve healthy, well-balanced skin. Once you achieve it, maintain it! Don’t give up and don’t slack on your skincare routine.